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      八年级下册英语Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet教学案(人教新目标版)

      时间:2019-04-12 作者: 教案来源:网络

      八年级下册英语Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet教学案(人教新目标版)

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      源 莲山 课件 w w
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      Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?
      第一课时 (Section A 1a-2d)
      学习目标
      1.学会用现在完成时表达过去发生的但与现在情况有关的事情。
      2.掌握现在完成时结构和了解其含义
      3.学会区分现在完成时与一般过去时的区别。
      重难点        
      1现在完成时:表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。
      2现在完成时的构成:have/has +过去分词
      自主预习
      一.动词过去分词的变化规则。
      二.阅读课文57-58页的内容,试着?#39029;?#19979;列短语的翻译。
      1.充满_____________________    2.赶快;匆忙(做某事)_________________
      3.成长;长大_________________  4.在25页________________
      5.出海_____________________    6.至少_________________
      7.英国                         8.爱不释手______________
      9.书的后面 _____________      
      合作探究
      1.现在完成时:
      1)含义:表示动作过去发生,但与现在有联系或影响,此时态常与以下时间词连用,如already已经,yet已经,还,just刚刚,ever曾经,so far到目前为止,before从前,times次数,for+时间段,since?#28304;印?#20197;来,how long多久,never从不,in the past….在过去….
      2)结构:主语+have/has+动词的过去分词(have/has是助动词,没有“有”的意义)
      肯定句:She has finished her work.她完成了她的工作。
      一般疑?#31034;?-Has she finished her work?-Yes,she has./No,she,hasn’t.
      否定句: She hasn’t finished her work.
      3)动词的过去分词的构成:规则动词的过去式就是过去分词,不规则动词的过去分词见不规则动?#26102;懟?br/>4)现在完成时态与一般过去时的区别:句子中如有yesterday,last,just now,in1999等过去时间词出现就只用一般过去时。
      5)特别提醒:句子中如有when出现,一定不能用完成时
      例题:A:Jack has read the book,
            B:When did he read it?
            Aast weekend
      2.Have you read Little Woman yet?你已读过《小妇人》吗?
      Yet(已经,还)的用法:在现在完成时中,already(已经)用于肯定句,yet用于一般疑?#31034;?#25110;否定句,
      例句:肯定句:I have already eaten lunch.我已经吃过午饭了。
            一般疑?#31034;洌篲___ you eaten lunch ____?
          否定句: I _____eaten lunch ____.
      3.What’s it like?它(这本书)怎么样?What+be+sth. like?表示“某物怎样?”
      达标测评
      一.用单词的正确?#38382;教?#31354;。
      1.I_______ ever________(drink)coffee.
      2.The boy__________(water)the flowers already
      3.She___________(watch)the movie twice
      4.-________you _______(visit)the Great Wall before?
      -Yes,I______.
      5.How long_____your father_____(work)in this city?
      6.He_________(get)here yesterday,so he___________(stay)here for only one day.
      7.-________you ever_______(drive)a car?
        -Yes,I______.
        -When_______you first_______(drive)a car?
      二.汉译英。
      1.        至少 __________________________
      2.        快点 __________________________
      3.        在岛上___________________       
      4.        听说____________________       
      5.读完这本书______________________
      6.长大,成长__________________
      7.把它放下__________________                                                                                               
      三.句型转换。
      1.He has already gone to New York.(改为一般疑?#31034;?#24182;回答)
        ____he_____to New York____? _No,he______
      2.We have learned English for two years(改为否定句)
        We _____  ______ English for two years
      3.We have lived here for two years.(对画线部分提问)
      ______ _____have you______here?
      4.Tom has ever read the book. (改为否定句)
      Tom has _______ read the book.
      5.Miss Green start to teach us 2 years ago.(改为同义句)
      Miss Green________ _______us for 2 years.
      四.单选选择。
      ( )1.Both his parents look sad. Maybe they ______what's happened to him.
      A.knew B.have known C.must know D.will know
      ( )2.He has _______ been to Shanghai, has he?
        A.already B.never C.ever D.still
      ( )3.Have you met Mr. Li ______?
        A.just B.ago C.before D.a moment ago
      ( )4.The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two years.
        A.is writing B.was writing C.wrote D.has written
      ( )5.Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years.
          A.was; studying B.will; study
          C.has; studied  D.are; studying
      ( )6.We ______ Xiao Li since she was a little girl.
          A.know B.had known C.have known D.knew
      ( )7.—These farmers have been to the United States.
            —Really? When _____ there?
          A.will they go       B.did they go
          C.do they go         D.have they gone
      ( )8.—______ you ___ your homework yet?
            —Yes. I _____ it a moment ago.
          A.Did; do; finished          B.Have;done; finished
          C.Have; done; have finished  D.will; do; finish
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 4 第一课时部分。

      第二课时Section A (3a- 3c)
      学习目标        
      1.学习P59的生词:
      2.能够掌握本课出现的重点短语和句子。
      3.能够正确使用现在完成时。
      4.了解著名小说《鲁滨逊漂流记》,学习主人翁永不放弃的精神。
      重难点
      能读懂3a短文并掌?#25484;?#20013;语言点。
      自主预习
      1.朗读默写137-138页的动词不规则的过去式和过去分词。
      2.阅读59页的3a,然后回答问题
      1)What does Robinson Crusoe wait for?___________________________________________
      2)Why does Robinson Crusoe call the man Friday?___________________________________
      3..完成课本59页3B根据句子意思猜单词
      1)you can use these to shoot things:__________2.)Something you use to travel in the sea:_____
      3)A piece of land in the middle of the sea:______4)You can use these to cut things:_________
      5)Signs left behind by someone or something:________
      4.小组成员互读单词和?#39318;欏?br/>合作探究
      1.I have brought back many things I can use,我带回了许多我能使用的东西。
      2.Who else is on my island?还有谁在我的岛上?
      1)else(其他的,别的),修饰复合不定代词或者特殊疑问词,并放其后
      例:别的什么________ _________         其他的人________ _________  
      别的东西________ _________         没有别的东西________ _________  
      2)other(其他的,别的)修饰名词,放在名词的前面。
      例:other things, other people
      3)What _____do you have?=What ______ things do you have?
      3.I named him Friday我给他取名“星期五”
        name sb…给某人取名…,同样的表达还有call sb…
      例:他叫我小王         He calls me Xiao Wang= He names me Xiao Wan.
      4.I saw some cannibals trying to kill two men from a broken ship.我看见两个肉食人正企图杀害两个从一艘破船出来的人。
      see sb. doing… 看见某人在做…
      see sb. do…看见某人做…
      例:I often see him_______(help) the old man.
         When I came back home,I saw my mother______(cook)。
      5.One of them died but the other ran toward my house.其中的一个死了,另一个向我的屋?#20248;?#26469;。
      1)one…the other…一个…... 另一个…...
      例:I have two friends,one is Tom,the other is Jack.
      2) run toward…向…跑去.go toward…向…走去
      达标测评
      一.用括号内所给单词适当?#38382;教?#31354;。
      1 .Judy has already ____________ (finish) reading Little Women.  
      2. Tom and Mike have already ____________ (decide) to learn Chinese on Internet.
      3. Have you _____________ (read) Alice in Wonderland yet?
      4.Robinson _____________ (have) already built a house on the island.
      5. It often _____________ (snow) in North China in winter.
      6.-Where is Miss Wu? -She ______(go)to English on business.
      7.They ______(not come)back yet?
      二.单项选择。
      (  )1.My shoe is here,but where is ____________?
      A. the others                                         B. the other  
      C. another one                                        D. other
      (  ) 2. Do you have _______to say?
      A. anything other                         B. something else          
      C. else anything                   D. anything else
      (  ) 3.How long have you _______here?
      A. come                   B. arrived.    C. got                         D. been
      (  ) 4.Hurry up,your mother is waiting____the bus stop_____you.
      A.for,at    B.at, with   C.at, for   D.for, at
      (  ) 5.He is not at home, he has______Kunming.
      A.been to   B.go to   C.gone to   D.been in
      (  ) 6.She _____in Chongqing 5 days ago,she has_____ in Chongqing for 5 days
      A. arrived, arrived   B. been, arrived   C. arrived,been   D.got, been
      (  )7.His grandpa_______since 2000.
             A.died   B.has been deaded   C.has been dead   D.has died
      (  )8.He will be back ______two weeks.
             A. in     B. after   C. for    D. since
      (  )9. —Have you read these books?        — Yes,I_____it three days ago.
             A.have done      B.have read   C.read     D.did
      (  )10.I haven’t watered the plants_______. I have to do that in a minute.
      A.already      B.just    C.yet     D.ever
      (  )11. —Have you cleaned the house______?
      —Yes ,I have ______cleaned it.
      A.already;yet      B.yet;yet   C. already;already     D. yet;already
      (  )12.Harry Potter is a very nice film .I_______ it twice.
           A. will  see        B. have  seen  C. saw               D.see
      (  )13. — _____ you ___ your  homework yet ?
      —Yes. I _____  it  a  moment ago .
      A. Did; do; finished                B. Have; done; finished
      C. Have; done; have  finished       D. will; do; finish
      (  )14.Hurry  up! The  play __________ for  ten  minutes.
           A. has begun        B. had begun
      C. has been on     D. began
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 8 第二课时部分。
      第三课时 Section A (Grammar Focus-4c)
      学习目标
      1.掌握本课时单词及短语:science fiction;technology;French;can’t wait to
      2.现在完成时的构成及用法。
      重难点        
      1现在完成时::表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。
      2现在完成时的构成:have/has +过去分词
      自主预习
      熟记语法聚焦内容
      Have you read Little Women yet?         Yes,I have./No,I haven’t.
      Has Tina read Treasure Island yet?        Yes,she has.She thinks it’s fantastic.
      Have you decided which book to write about yet?        Yes,I have.I’ve already finished reading it. It was really good.
      合作探究
      现在完成时用法
      1.表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。
         e.g. –Have you had your lunch yet?
            –Yes, I have. I’ve just had it. (现在我不饿了。)
      2.表示动作或状态从过去某一时刻开始,一直?#26377;?#21040;现在,而且可能还要继续下去。
        e.g. I haven’t seen her these days.
           I’ve known Bob for three years.
           I’ve been at this school for over two years.
      时间状语
      already, yet, just, ever, never, before
      构成
      现在完成时是由“助动词have / has+ 动词的过去分词”构成的,规则动词的过去分词构成与过去式相同,不规则动词的过去分词则需逐个记忆。
      动词的过去式的变化和过去分词的变化并不完全相同。我们对它们作了一个大致的分类。 (注:例子中单词的变化顺序为:动词原形 → 动词的过去式  → 动词的过去分词)
      一、过去式和过去分词的变化相同
      规则变化:
      1.一般在动词词尾直接加ed。如:pick → picked → picked; wish → wished → wished; stay → stayed → stayed
      2.以不发音的e结尾的动词后面加d。如:like → liked → liked; hope → hoped → hoped; phone → phoned → phoned
      3.以?#26696;?#38899;字母 + y”结尾的动词,变y为i,再加-ed。如:study → studied → studied; hurry → hurried → hurried; reply → replied → replied
      4.词尾只有一个辅音字母的重读?#25214;?#33410;动词,要双写辅音字母,再加-ed。如:stop → stopped → stopped; clap → clapped → clapped
      不规则变化:
      5.以不变应万变。如:let → let → let; put → put → put; read → read → read
      6.若中间有双写e,则去掉一个e,单词末尾再加t。如:feel → felt → felt; keep → kept → kept; sleep → slept → slept
      7.结尾的字母d变t。如:lend → lent → lent; build → built → built; send → sent → sent
      8.变为以-ought或-aught结尾。如:buy → bought → bought; bring → brought → brought; catch → caught → caught; teach → taught → taught
      句式
      1.肯定句:主语 + have / has + 过去分词 (+ 其他)
      2.否定句:主语 + have / has + not + 过去
          分词(+ 其他)
      3.一般疑?#31034;洌篽ave/ has + 主语 + 过去分词(+ 其他)
      4.特殊疑?#31034;洌?br/>1)        特殊疑问词 (不是句子主语) + have / has + 主语+过去分词 (+ 其他)
      2) 特殊疑问词(是句子主语)+have / has+过去分词(+ 其他)
      already和yet都可以作为现在完成时的标志词,但它们的用法不同。
      ◆already一般用于肯定句中。如:
      We have already cleaned up our classroom.
      注意:already用于疑?#31034;?#20013;时通常表示惊奇。如:
      Have you finished your homework already? I can’t believe it.
      ◆yet一般用于疑?#31034;?#21644;否定句中。如:
      Have you seen her yet?
      The bus hasn’t come yet.
       
      达标检测
      单项选择
      ( )1.(铜仁中考)—Where is Mr. Zhao?
            —He ______ to Mount Fanjing. He’ll come back ______ a week.
      A. has been; in               B. has gone; after         
      C. has gone; in               D. has been; after
      ( )2.(河北中考)Monica, you ______ the exam! Congratulation!
      A. pass                B. have passed      C. will pass                   D. are passing
      ( )3.(达州中考)—Have you ever _______ an amusement park?
            —Yes, I have. I ______ Fun Times Amusement Park last year.
      A. been to, have gone to               B. gone to, have been t o
           C. go to, went to                     D. been to, went to
      ( )4.(黔西?#29616;?#20013;考)I _______ my hometown for a long time. I really miss it.
            A. left    B. went away from    C. have left    D. have been away from
      ( )5.(?#26412;?#20013;考)He _____ in this factory for 20 years already.
      A. will work             B. works           C. has worked             D. is working
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 8 第三课时部分。
      第?#30446;?#26102;Section B (1a—1d)
      学习目标        
      1.学习P61的生词和短语。
      2.能掌握并灵活运用本课所学的知?#30701;?#35770;个人喜好。
      重难点        
      现在完成时的构成和用法
      自主预习
      翻译下列短语
      1.pop music________________  2.wake up_______________
      3.band name___________________ 4.make sb. do sth._____________
      合作探究
      must的用法
      must是情态动词,没有人称或数的变化,后接动词原形,其主要用法如下:
      1.表示义务或必要性,意思是“应该、必须”,通常用于肯定句及疑?#31034;洹?#22914;:You must go to bed now. 你现在必须睡觉了。
      2.must的否定式是must not/ mustn’t,意思是“不应该、禁止”,语气较强烈。如:
      You mustn’t smoke here. 你不许在这里吸烟。
      3.由must引出的一般疑?#31034;洌?#32943;定回答用must,但否定回答一定要用needn’t, 绝不能用mustn’t,因为mustn’t表示“不许、禁止”的意思,与?#31034;?#30340;原意不符。
      如:—Must I stay at home? 我必须留在家里吗?—Yes, you must. 是的,你必须留在家里。(No, you needn’t. 或No, you don’t have to.)(不,不用了。)
      4.当说话人对所发生的事情进?#22411;?#27979;时,must的意思是“一定、准是”,主要用于肯定句,否定句常用can’t。如:He must be a doctor. 他一定是个大夫。
      达标检测
      用所给词的适当?#38382;教?#31354;。
      1.I _____ already ______(see) the film. I _______ (see) it last week.
      2.--____ he _______(finish) his work today?--Not yet.
      3.My father _____ just ______(come) back from work. He is tired now.
      4.So far I _________(make)quite a few friends here.
      5.I _____ just _________(finish) my homework.
      6. ______ you ________(find)your science book yet?
      7.I’ve lost my pen. _____ you ______(see)it anywhere?
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 8 第?#30446;?#26102;部分。
       
      第五课时 Section B (2a-2e)
      学习目标
      1.掌握P62-P63重点生词。
      2.掌握2b短文中的语言点。
      3.现在完成时的正确运用。
      重难点
      1.掌握2b短文中的语言点。
      2.现在完成时的正确运用。
      自主预习
      翻译下列短语
      1.在国外 ________________________    2.一首充满回家感情的歌__________________
      3.互相_______________________        4.逐渐意识到______________________________
      5.不是关于属于一个集体 _______________________________________
      6.作了一些研究_______________________   7. change one’s life ___________________
      8. ever since then_______________           9. modern life _________________
      10. the importance of money and success ________________________
      11. one of the most successful musicians in American history___________________________
      合作探究
      1.use的用法
      used to do sth.            过去常常做某事
      be used to doing sth.       习惯于做某事
      be used to do sth.          被用于做某事
      2.Ever since then,she has been a fan of American country music.
      ever since“从……以后(到现在)”。
      3.Many songs these days are just about modern life in the US,such as the importance of money and success,but not about belonging to a group.
      such as“例如”,用来列举同类人或物中的几个例子。如:
      Children like ball games,such as basketball,football and table tennis.
      for example也意为“例如”,用来举例说明,后面往往用?#27721;?#38548;开。
      Some hobbies,for example,singing and dancing,are very relaxing.
      belong to“属于”,其中to为介词,无进行时态和被动语态。
      success:名词,意为“成功”;
      succeed:不及物动词,后常接in doing sth.。
      succeed in sth. “在某事上取得成功”; succeed in doing sth. “成功做某事”。
      successful: 形容词,意为“成功的”。 successfully: 副词,意为“成功地”。
      4.He’s told more than 120 million records.
      million意为“百万”,与数词连用时用单数?#38382;劍?#19982;of连用时用?#35789;问健?br/>millions of“数百万的”。
      达标检测
      一.单项选择。
      (  )1.I ______ help with the housework.
      A.used to   B. were used to  C.are used to
      (  )2.Bamboos________houses there.
         A.used to build   B. are used to building  C.are used to build
      (  )3.______ trees will be planted on that mountain next spring.
      A.Millions of  B.Two millions  C.Two million of  D.Million of
      (  )4.How long have they ______ in Beijing?
      A.went  B.gone  C.come  D.been
      二.根据汉语意思完成句子。
      1.他出国学习去了。
      He _____ ______for study.
      2.他制作了他的第一张唱片。
      He ______ his first ______.
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 8 第五课时部分。
      第六课时Section B (3a -Self Check)
      学习目标        
      1.掌握本单元中的重点词汇,短语,并灵活运用。
      2.阅读与写作技能
      重难点
      会运用现在完成时谈论近来的事情和经历。        
      自主预习
      归纳课文中的短语
      1.                     在第2 5 页            2.                    书的背面
      3.                     赶快;匆忙             4.                     在两周之内
      5.                     出海             6.                    一个满是宝藏的岛屿
      7.                     写作关于……的内容    8.                     做完某事
      9.                    等待另一艘船到来       10.                     学会做某事
      11.                     种水果和蔬菜         12.                     几个星期前
      13.                    另一个人的脚印        14.                     不久之后
      15.                    跑向某地            16.                    用……来做某事
      17.                    某人留下的标记        18.                     看报
      19.                     科幻小说        20.                     迫不及待地做某事
      21.                     醒来的一个好办法     22.                    人数
      23.                     (过去)常常做某事      24.                     在国外学习
      25.                     使某人做某事         26.                     开始意识到
      27.                     ?#28304;?#37027;时起        28.                     美国的南部地区
      29.                     属于                 30.                     善待彼此
      31.                     互相信任             32.                     大自然的美
      33.                    去过某地            34.                    . 对……做研究
      35.                    希望做某事         36.                     看到某人做某事
      37.                    歌曲的第一行       38.                    享受……的成功
      合作探究
      1.belong to意为“属于,为...所拥有”,to为介词,后?#29992;?#35789;或人称代?#26102;?#26684;,不能?#29992;?#35789;性物主代词或名词所有格。
      2.be kind to sb.意为“对某人友好”。如:she is kind to her students。
      3.trust意为“相信,信任”,常用的结构有:
      trust to sth.依靠某物;依靠某事    trust sb.信?#25991;?#20154;
      trust in sb.信仰某人,信奉某人
      4.remind的用法
      remind sb. of sth. 提醒某人某事, 使某人想起某事
      remind sb. that-从句 提醒某人某事, 使某人想起某事
      remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
      达标检测
      一.单项选择。
      (   ) 1.—Where is your mother?
             --She ______ to the supermarket.
      A.went   B.has gone   C. want    D.has been
      (   )2.—Have you done the job yet?
      --__________.
        A.Not already     B. Not yet    C.No, I don’t   D.No never
      (   )3.—Mary, do you know where Tom is?
            --He must ____Shanghai.
            A. have been to    B.has been in   C.have gone to  D.have been in
      (   )4.In the last two months, he ______ several English novels.
            A. reads   B.read     C.has read    D.had read
      (   )5.The librarian             books             students.
         A. borrows; from      B. lends; to             C. returns; to      D. sells; to
      二.用括号内所给词的适当?#38382;教?#31354;。
      1.At the end of the day, we felt happy the bus         (bring)us back to our school.
      2.Mount Huang is one of the most             (beauty)mountains in the world.
      3.I joined the book club last month and I            (read) five books already.
      4.There used to be          (million) of birds singing in the trees in the forest.
      5.He saw the newspaper on the table this morning, but he        (have) any time to read it yet.
      三.书面表达。
      请你根据下表中所提供的信息以“Learn to express thanks”为题,用英语写一篇演讲稿。
      背    景        1.认为上中学时吃?#20040;?#22909;是应该的;
      2.走向社会后没有感恩意识。
      学会感恩        1.?#34892;?#31038;会提供良好的教育机会;
      2.?#34892;桓改?#20379;养自己上学;
      3.?#34892;?#32769;师传授知识;
      4.?#34892;?#26379;友的鼓励与帮助。
      参考词汇:enter society 进入社会,  sense of thanks 感恩意识,  behavior 行为
      要求:1.短文应包括所提供的所?#24515;?#23481;,可以适当发挥,不要简单翻译;
      2.演讲稿中不得出现真实的人名、地名及能够透露你个人身份的信息;
      3.词数:80?#39318;?#21491;。开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
      Good morning, boys and girls!
      The topic of my speech today is “Learn to express thanks”._______________________________
      ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 8 第六课时部分。

       

       

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