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      八年级下册英语Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum教学案(人教新目标版)

      【www.ktvtpv.fun - 莲山课件】

      Unit 9 Have you ever been to a  museum?  
      第一课时Section A (1a-2d)        
      学习目标        
      1.掌握P65—P66的单词。
      2.描述某人曾经去过哪些有趣的地方和谈论过去的经历。
      重难点        
      进一步掌握用现在完成时谈论过去的经历
      自主预习
      一.认真琢磨,细?#38590;?#25321;(体会现在完成时和一般过去时的区别)。
      ()1.Where ______ you ______,John?I’m looking for you everywhere.
      A.have;been  B.have;been to  C.have;gone   D.did;go to
      ()2.How long ______ your father ______ Shanghai?
      A.did;come   B.has;go to     C.has;been to  D.has; been in
      ()3.I ______ my watch in my bedroom yesterday.
          A.left        B.forgot        C.have forgotten  D.have left
      二.写出下列动词的过去式和过去分词。
      is ???_____ _______          write ________  __________  read _______ ______ __
      study _______ ________    have _______ ______ ___     eat ______ _______
      start______ _______       live______ _______           help ________ ________ _
      travel _______ _______     say_______ ________        hear______ __________
      合作探究
      现在完成时(二)
      1.用法:(1)现在完成时表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。常与下列时间状语连用:just , already, yet, ever, never, before, several times。  现在完成时不能和表示过去的时间(如:yesterday, last, year, in 1976, two days ago, just now, when she came in 等)连用。
      (2)现在完成时表示过去发生的动作对现在的影响。
      I have studied English. 表示我知道一点英语。
      He has already come back. 表示他现在在这儿。
      常与already, yet, just, recently, ever, never, before等表示不确定时间的时间状语连用。
      2.现在完成时表示从过去一直持续到现在的动作或状态。
      She has been ill for 3 days.  He has worked in the bank since 1990.
      此时,句中谓语动词通常是?#26377;?#24615;动词,且常与表示?#27426;?#26102;间的时间状语连用。如:these days, all this year, recently, for +时间?#25105;?#21450;since+时间点等等。
      2.构成:have / has +动词过去分词
      (1)has用于主语是第三人称单数,have用于其它人称。
      (2 )动词的过去分词构成分为规则动词和不规则动词。规则动?#35797;?#35789;尾加ed,其规则与过去式一样。
      不规则动词的变化要记住。例如:take-taken, go-gone等。
      III.区分 have/has been to与have/has gone to
      have /has been to 和 have/has gone to 都是指已经去了某个地方,但是 have /has been to 强调的是曾经去了某个地方并回来了; have/has gone to强调的是去了某个地方还没有回来。
      --Have you ever been to Shanghai? --Yes, several times.
      -- Where is Mr. Wang??-- He has gone to Shanghai.

      达标测评
      一.单项选择。
      (   )1.Have  you  met  Mr.  Li ______?
          A. just         B. ago          C.before        D. a moment ago
      (   )2.—Our country  ______ a lot so far .  —Yes. I hope it will be even ______ .
           A.has  changed ; well       B.changed ; good  
      C. has  changed ; better     D. changed ; better
      (   )3. _____ you ever _____ to an aquarium?    Yes, we had a good time there.
      A. Have, gone         B. Had , been        C. Have, been
      (   ) 4. I  _____ my grandpa last Sunday.
      A. have visited         B. visited          C. was visiting
      (   ) 5. She _____ Shanghai for a month.
      A. has come to         B.  came to            C. has been in
      (   )6. Mr. Hu died last year.    He ____for several months already.
            A. has been dying    B. has died   C. has been dead    D. died
      (   ) 7. Fanny _____ TV at this time last Saturday.
               A. has watched        B. was watching         C. watched
      (   ) 8. Have you ____ been to our town before?  No, it's the first time I ___ here.
      A. even, have come       B. ever, come         C. ever, have come
      (   )9. May ______ the book for two weeks.
          A. borrowed      B. lent     C. kept      D. bought
      (   )10.Remember these new words ________him a lot of time.
      A. costs      B. spends     C. takes
      二.用所给词的适当形?#25945;?#31354;。
      1.______(has)you ever ______(be)to the Great Wall?  
      2.Where _______(have)he _______(go)?I can’t find him here.
      3.I________(go)to Fun Time Amusement Park last year.
      4.Harvey and his friend are going ________(skate)
      5.He. ________(work) in a small town two years ago.
      6. My brother ________(be)a soldier for two years.
      7.He ________(live)here for a long time.
      8. ________(do)he go fishing with you the day before yesterday.
      9. ______they______(finish)the work yet?
      10. When______ you ______(read)it?I______(read)it last year.
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 9 第一课时部分。
      第二课时Section A (3a- 3c)
      学习目标        
      1.学习P67的生词:
      2.能够掌握本课出?#20540;?#37325;点短语和句子。
      3.了解国外的风情和文化。
      重难点        
      一般过去时,现在完?#23665;?#34892;时和现在完成时的区别。
      自主预习
      一.英汉互译。
      1.___________以如?#25628;?#29467;的方式         2.___________各?#25351;?#26679;的
      3.___________ 马桶的发展              4.___________社会团体   
      5.___________茶艺表演        6._____________________用漂亮的茶具沏一杯完美的茶
      7.___________ 一个品茶的好地方       8.___________ 相信
      9.____________________国际马桶博物馆 10.___________在未来
      二.小组成员互读单词和词组。
      合作探究
      1. The most interesting museum I’ve been to is the American Computer Museum.
      多音节词和部分双音节形容词最高级加most构成,前面加the。如: the most beautiful girl
      2. The old computers were much bigger.
        much可修饰形容词比较级,表示……得多。如: much richer
        a little, even, a bit?#37096;?#20197;修饰形容词比较级。
      3. I wonder how much more computer will be able to do in the future.不知道将来电脑还能够做些什?#35789;?#24773;呢。
      1)wonder 表示“ (对某事)感到疑惑; 想要知道; 想弄明白; 琢磨”, 后面常接由what, how, who 或者if/whether引导的宾语从句。
      e.g. I wonder how they’re getting on. 我想知道他们现在过得怎样。
         I just wonder if they’ve arrived safely.我就想知道他们是否安全抵达了。
      2)此句从句部?#20540;脑?#22987;结构是: How much more will computers be able to do in the future? 是对陈述句Computers will be able to do (much) more in the future.(电脑将来能够做更多的事情。)的提问。由于充当了宾语从句, 疑问结构?#26576;?#20102;陈述结构: how much more computers will be able to do in the future, 即: 将助动词还原到陈述句的位置。
      e.g. I don’t know when he will come.我不知道他什?#35789;?#20505;来。
         I don’t know where he lives.我不知道他住在哪里。
      4. It also encourages governments and social groups to think about ways to…
      encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事
        e.g. My father encouraged me to take part in the sports meeting.
           父亲鼓励我参加运动会。
      5. Watching the tea preparation is just as enjoyable as drinking the tea itself.看沏茶的过程和饮茶本身一样令人愉快。
      -able是一个典型的形容词后缀, 可加在动词之后, 表示“可…..的; 能够……的”。此处enjoyable(能使人快?#20540;? 令人愉快的) 便是一例, 再如:drinkable(可饮用的), washable(可洗的), readable(可读的), usable(可用的; 可使用的)等等。
      达标测评

      单项选择。
      (   )1.My mother often encourages me________English as much as possible.
      A. speak   B. speaks   C.speaking    D.to speak
      (   )2.—Do you often ___ your penfriend?  --Not very often.
                A. hear from    B. hear about    C. hear of    D. hear
      (   )3.Neither of the two boys______from the USA.
                A.come   B. don’t come   C.comes    D.doesn’t come
      (   )4.Have you ever seen him____?
                A. ago   B.two days ago    C.before   D.just now
      (   )5.His brother ______ for three months.
      A. has joined the army      B.has been in the army
      C. has become a soldier     D.joined the army
      (   )6.Did you go there by ____bike?
                A. a; a   B./; a    C.the; the   D.a; the
      (   )7.There has never been such a beautiful village ____in the world.
                A. anywhere   B. everywhere    C. somewhere  D. nowhere
      (   )8.-What kind of house would you like ?
      -I’d like  ____with a garden in front of____.
                A. it; one  B. one; one    C one; it   D. it ; it
      (   )7.She has never been to the city , ____she?
                A. doesn’t  B. hasn’t    C. has   D.haven’t
      (   )8. –It’s Father’s Day, ____ ?
      -Yes,Let’s buy a gift for Dad..
                A. isn’t it  B. dosen’t it   C isn’t he   D.doesn’t he
      (   )9.Juile’s father____to London last month.He____there three times.
                A. went; had gone  B. has gone; has been  
      C went; has been   D. has been; had gone
      (   ) 10. I don’t like those two coats because ________ of them fits me.
      A. either             B. neither                   C. none           D. all
      (   ) 11. ––I really want to go to the                  . How about you?
      –– So do I. We can swim in it.
                A. water park    B. aquarium                  C. zoo                 D. space museum
      (   ) 12. ____          is fun to learn another language.
                A. That            B. This                     C. It              D. What
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 9 第二课时部分。
      第三课时 Section A(Grammar Focus-4c)
      学习目标
      1.学习P68的生词。
      2.掌握Grammar Focus中的句子。
      3.现在完成时中?#26377;?#24615;动词和瞬间性动词的用法。
      重难点
      现在完成时中?#26377;?#24615;动词和瞬间性动词的用法。
      自主预习
      熟记语法聚?#40723;?#23481;
      Have you ever been to a science museum?        Yes,I’ve been to a science museum./No,I’ve never been to a science museum.
      Have you ever visited the space museum?        Yes,I have.I went there last year./No,I haven’t.
      I’ve been to the art museum many times.        Me,too.And I’ve also visited the nature museum.
      I’ve never been to a water park.        Me neither.
      合作探究
      ?#26377;?#24615;动词和瞬间动词
      英语动词根据词义可分为两种,一种是?#26377;?#24615;的,一种是终止性的,终止性动词(?#37096;?#31216;为非?#26377;?#24615;动词,瞬间动词,或点动词),如begin,start,die,buy,leave, come等,表示动作的发生与结束于一瞬间完成,不能再?#26377;?所以它的现在完成时不能和表示?#26377;?#30340;时间状语连用,即不能与表示?#27426;?#26102;间的状语,for+时间段, since+时间点/从句连用,也不能用在how long引导的特殊疑?#31034;?#20013;.  
      eg. I've left Shanghai for three days.(×)
      I've been away from Shanghai for three days.( √ ).
      I left Shanghai three days ago. ( √ )
      It is /has been three days since I left Shanghai.( √ )  
      常见终止性动词有:leave, go, come, arrive, begin, buy, borrow, die, join, become等.
      达标检测
      一.单项选择。
      (   )1. ––I hear your teacher ________ to Japan once.  ––Yes, he _______ there last year.
             A. goes; went  B. has been; has been  C. went; went    D. has been; went
      (   ) 2. –– _______ have you been studying English?   –– Since last year.
             A. How far           B. How soon             C. How long     D. How often
      (   ) 3. The Smiths have lived here with us ________ 1999.   
             A. for                    B. since                    C. before             D. in
      (   ) 4. –– I have never been to Disneyland. How about you?  ––                        .
             A. Me, too           B. So do I              C. Me, neither   D. Yes, I have
      (   )5. When my mother came back home last night, I was still _________.
             A. wake           B. woke                  C. waking             D. awake
      (   ) 6. ––Tina, we are going to take a holiday in Europe.  ––_________.
             A. It’s wonderful  B. With pleasure   C. That’s OK     D. Have a good time
      二.用所给词的适当形?#25945;?#31354;。
      1. Have you ever _______________(study) with more than three fri ends?
      2. Has Tom ever ______________(travel) to China?
      3. Have you ever_________(say) something you didn’t want to say?
      4. I have never _____________(argue) with my parents.
      5. I ____________(go) to the space museum last year.
      6. Harvey____________(have) a great time at the  Water World.
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 9 第三课时部分。
      第?#30446;?#26102;Section B (1a—1d)
      学习目标        
      1.学习P69的生词和短语。
      2.继续学习现在完成时的用法。
      重难点        
      现在完成时的构成和用法
      自主预习
      1.even的用法
      even 意为“甚至”可用于形容词比较级前,表示加强程度,可修饰形容词比较级的词还有:a bit,a little,much,a lot,still,even等
      2.wonder的用法 意为“想知道,对…感到怀疑”
      1.wonder+特殊疑?#31034;?“想知道,好奇”
      2.wonder+whether/if从句“想知道是否…”
      3.wonder+that从句 ?#23433;?#24322;,惊奇”
      3.辨析with、by、in “用”
      with,多指使用某种工具或用身体的某个?#35838;?#25110;器官来完成某项活动。
      如:He cut it open with a knife.
      by,指采用某种方法、手段,by doing sth.
      如:I learn English by asking the teacher for help.
      in,指使用某种语言、采用某种途径或选用某种材料等
      如:Can you sing this song in English?
      4.一般过去时,现在完?#23665;?#34892;时和现在完成时的区别
      一 般过去时只表示_______________,和___________不发生联系。现在完成 时是用_____________?#24471;?#29616;在的情况。
          He lived in Beijing in 2000. 只?#24471;?#20182;2000年住在?#26412;?#20182;目前住在哪里并不清楚。
          He has lived in Beijing since 2000.  ?#24471;?#20182;自从2000年就住在?#26412;?#20182;目前还住在?#26412;?br/>现在完成时和现在完?#23665;?#34892;时都可以表示“从过去开始一直持续到现在”这一概念,有时两者可以互相代用,但前者多用于口语。在含义上如 着重表示动作的结果时,多用_______________ 时;如着重表示动作一直在进行,即动作的?#26377;?#24615;或者动作仍然继续下去时,则多 用____________________________时。
      达标检测
      一.用所给动词的正确时态填空。
      1. I __________(finish)today’s homework already. What about you?
      2. He ____________ just ____________(decide) to  join t he swimming club.
      3. _______you ____________(see) Jack recently?   ——No , I haven’ t.
      4. How long ____________ you ____________(be) in class today?
      5. How many English words ____________ they ____________(learn)?
      6. He ___________ ever ___________ (be) to the History Museum several times.
      7. — _____________ you ever ___________ (be) to the  zoo?
        —Yes. I ____ (go) there last summer. I __ (see) many kinds of animals there.
      8. —Where is Mr . Wang?
        —He _________ (go) to the library. He wants to borrow some library books.
      二.单项选择。
      (  )1. How long have you been _____English?
          A.study   B. studied    C. studying    D.studyed
      (  )2. He called me up when I ______a shower this morning.
          A.have    B. had     C. have had   D.was having
      (  )3.I think Ann _____a supper star in only 2 years?
          A.is     B. is going to      C. is being      D.has been
      (  )4.Have you ever ______to travel around?
          A. take a train     B. took train     C.by a train    D. by trains
      (  )5.The kids from mountains districts _______never_______computer games before.They’re so excited.
          A. have;played   B.did;play   C.are; playing       D.do ;play
      (  )6.When I was fifteen years old,I got _____all kinds of stamps.
         A. to collect     B.to collecting     C. collect   D.to
      (  )7.I want to tell Mike about the thing.but he just ______it.
      A. wasn’t interested     B.wasn’t interested in      C. didn’t interest   D.interested
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 9 第?#30446;?#26102;部分。
      第五课时 Section B (2a-2e)
      学习目标
      1.学习P70-P71生词。
      2.掌握2b短文中的语言点。
      3.现在完成时的运用。
      重难点
      1.掌握2b短文中的语言点。
      2.现在完成时的运用。
      自主预习
      翻译下列短语
      1.__________东南亚     2.__________夜间动物园      3.__________四分之三
      4.__________一个讲英语的国家    5.__________做某事很困难
      6.__________在白天     7.__________好几次          8.__________现在;目前
      9.____________________一个有特别的主题的游乐园    10.__________在公园里到处走
      11.__________ 听说     12.__________兜风           13.__________另一个省
      14.__________鸟巢     15.__________鼓励某人做某事  16.__________数以千计的
      合作探究
      1.For thousands of tourists from China,this small island in Southeast Asia is a wonderful and safe place to take a holiday.
      thousands of意为“数以千计的?#20445;?#21518;接可数名词?#35789;?#29992;于表示不具体的数目。
      2.On the one hand,more than three quarters of the population are Chinese,…On the other hand,Singapore is an English-speaking country…
      on the one hand…on the other hand…意为“一方面……另一方面……“。
      three quarters?#20843;?#20998;子三”。英语中分数的表达法为:分子用基数词,分母用序数词,当分子大于一时,分母要加-s。如:
      four fifths 五分之四
      English-speaking“讲英语的”。
      3.Whether you like Indian food,Western food or Japanese food,you’ll find it all in Singapore!
      whether…or…“不管(无论)……还是…?#20445;?#24341;导让步状语从句,若主句用一般将?#35789;保?#20174;句通常用一般现在时表将来。
      4.This is because the island is so close to the equator.
      close to“接近于;靠近?#20445;?#25351;时间、空间、数量等接近。如:
      There are close to eight thousand students in our school.
      达标测评
      根据汉语意思完成句子。
      1.不论贫富,她总是很快乐。
      ______ she is poor ______ rich,she is always happy.
      2.农民们一年到头都在忙。
      The farmers are busy ______ ______ _______.
      3.人口以每年约6%的速度增加。
      _____ _____ is increasing at about 6% every year.
      4.楼上的噪音使我整晚都没睡着。
      The noise upstairs ______ me ______ all night.
      5.我?#21069;?#22235;分之三的人都戴眼镜。
      ______ ______ of our class ______ glasses.
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 9 第五课时部分。
      第六课时Section B (3a-Self Check)
      学习目标        
      1.掌握本单元中的重点词汇,短语,并灵活运用。
      2.阅读与写作技能
      重难点        
      写作训练:写一篇文章号召人们保护动物。
      自主预习
      归纳课文中的短语
      1.________       在夜晚           2.________       在一个更?#24188;?#28982;的环?#25345;?br/>3.________       一年到头         4.________       离……远
      5.________        在黑暗中        6.________        在过去
      7.________         去过某地       8.________        科学博物馆
      9.________        历史博物馆      10.________        游乐园
      11.________         去不同的地方  12.________        去滑冰
      13.________        坐地铁         14.________       一个过周六下午的好方法
      15.________       所有的古老的电影摄影机 16.________       .解有关……的情况
      17.________       在周末          18.________        在大山里露营
      19.________                 搭帐篷20.________        以如?#25628;?#29467;的方式 21.________      各?#25351;?#26679;的       22.________      厕所的发展
      23.________        社会团体       24.________       茶艺表演
      25.________                              用漂亮的茶具沏一杯完美的茶
      26.________    一个品茶的好地方   27.________      数以千计的
      28.________       国际厕所博物馆  29.________        兵马俑
      30.________       东南亚          31.________       夜间动物园
      32.________      四分之三         33.________       一个讲英语的国家
      34.________        做某事很困难   35.________       在白天
      36.________       好几次          37.________       现在;目前
      38. ________       一个有特别的主题的游乐园39.________        在公园里到处走40.______        听说             41.________       兜风
      42.________       另一个省        43.________       鸟巢
      44.________       鼓励某人做某事
      合作探究
      现在完成时用法二:表示过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。此时常与“for+?#27426;?#26102;间”或“since+过去的点时间或从句(从句用一般过去时)”以及so far(到目前为止)等时间状语连用。
      I’ve lived here since 2000.自从2000年我就住在这里。
      =I’ve lived here since 13 years ago.
      =I’ve lived here for 13 years.
      =It is 13 years since I began to live here.
      注意:①在这类句子?#30446;?#23450;句和疑?#31034;?#20013;谓语动词必须用?#26377;?#24615;动词。短暂性动词由于动作不能持续,故肯定句中不能与for(达到;累计)或since(自从……到现在)引出的时间状语连用,在否定句中则可以。
      ②对for和since引导的时间状语提问要用How long。
      部分短暂性动词与之对应的?#26377;?#24615;动词:
      ①arrive at/in, get to/reach, come/go/move to—be in/at home/at school/on the farm/be here/be there
      ②come/go back, return→be back, come/go out→be out
      ③become→be
      ④close→be closed; open→be open
      ⑤get up→be up; die→be dead; leave sp.→be away from sp.; fall asleep/get to sleep→be asleep; finish/end→be over; marry→be married
      ⑥start/begin to do sth.→do sth.; begin→be on
      ⑦borrow→keep; lose→not have; buy→have; put on→wear; catch/get a cold→have a cold; get to know→know
      ⑧join the League/Party/the army→be a League member/a Party member/a soldier→be in the League/the Party/the army
      达标测评
      一.单项选择。
      (  )1.—Have you ever _______to a water park? —No,I haven’t.         
      A. gone       B. been      C. visited   D.go
      (  )2. —I enjoy ice skating. —______.
              A.  I do so.      B. So I do.     C. So do I.   D. neither so I
      (  )3. —I have__________been  to U.S.A. —Neither has Jim.
      A. never      B. ever    C. already      D.yet
      (  )4.My teacher is_______years old.
      A. 30 more than     B. more than 30   C. more 30 than   D.less than 30
      (  )5. You can rent a bike if you want to get some ___________.
      A.exercise     B. exercises   C. exercise     D. exercised
      (  )6.I’ve never ____________other countries.
      A. traveled    B. traveled to   C. traveled     D. will travel
      (  )7.There were many times visitors ________photos of the building in Hongcun.
      A.take   B.taking   C. took    D.are talking
      (  )8.—How long_______in Shanghai?  --Since the end of last year.
             A.did she live     B. does she live    C.has she lived   D.will she live
      (  )9.--_______has Judy run the marathon?  --Three times.
             A. How far   B. How soon    C. How many times   D. How long
      (  )10.What ______job did he do?
      A. others   B. the other    C. another    D. other
      二.书面表达。
      假如你是阳光旅行社的一名?#21152;巍?#35831;你为郴州或嘉禾写一则旅游广告。说说人们应该来这旅游的理由。不少于60字。
      —————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
      _____________________________________________________________________________
      总结?#27492;?br/>我的收获:                                                        
      我的失误:                                                         
      课后作业
      完成《学练优》Unit 9 第六课时部分。

      版权声明:以上文章中所选用的?#35745;?#21450;文字来?#20174;?#32593;络以及用户投稿,由于未联系到知识产权人或未发现有关知识产权的登记,如有知识产权人并不愿意我们使用,如果有侵权请立即联系:[email protected],我们立即下架或?#22659;?
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